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Robotics Programming Languages

Robotics Programming Languages By Cademate

The robot software is used to perform autonomous tasks, It is the set of coded commands or instructions that tell the mechanical device & the electronic system, known together as a robot, what tasks to perform, Many software systems & frameworks have been proposed to make programming robots easier.

We are investing a lot of time & effort in learning a new programming language, If you are a new roboticist, you want to learn the programming languages which are going to be useful for your career, many programming languages are used in the world to program micro-controllers, They are far too many to learn, Each language has different advantages for robotics.

The roboticists should develop the Programming Mindset rather than be proficient in one specific language, it doesn’t really matter which programming language you learn first, Each language develops your proficiency with the programming mindset & makes it easier to learn any new language, Programming your robot is the final step involved in building the robot, When you have chosen the actuators, the electronics, the sensors & more.


Arduino Programming


Arduino is an open-source computer hardware and software company, project, and user community that designs and manufactures single-board microcontrollers and microcontroller kits for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control objects in the physical and digital world.




C/C++ is one of the most popular languages, C presents high-level functionality while keeping a good low-level control, Java is more modern than C and it presents many safety features to the detriment of low-level control.

Many people agree that C & C++ are a good starting point for new roboticists, Because of a  lot of the hardware libraries use these languages, They allow the interaction with low-level hardware, allow for the real-time performance and they are very mature programming languages, C/C++ is the Number 1 programming language in the robotics.

As the language has much more functionality, So, You’ll use C++ more than C, C++ is an extension of C, It can be useful to learn at least a little bit of C first, so, you can know it when you find the hardware library written in C, C/C++ is not as simple to use such as Python or MATLAB. It can take a lot longer to implement the same functionality using C & it will require many more lines of code, Although, as the robotics is very dependent on the real-time performance, C and C++ are the closest things that the roboticists have to be a standard language.




The most important thing is to find the language that feels natural for you and fits with your robotic hardware, You want a language that enables you to develop the programs quickly & easily, so that you can focus more on developing functionality, So, You have to learn Python first.


Python is a superb straightforward language to learn & hugely powerful thanks to the many, easily accessible libraries, You can produce the usable code in Python as fast as you can type After you have gotten reasonably proficient using Python language, You have to learn C, followed by C++, You will need it to interface with a huge majority of robotic hardware drivers.


Python (and C++) are the two main programming languages found in ROS, such as Java, There is a huge resurgence of Python in recent years especially in the robotics, it is an interpretive language, the prime focus of the language is ease of use, Unlike Java, Python dispenses with a lot of usual things which take up the time in programming, such as defining & casting variable types.


We can see a lot more Python in the robotics, Python enables simple bindings with C/C++ code, The performance of heavy parts of the code can be implemented in these languages to avoid performance loss, many electronics support Python out-of-the-box.